The BGAN User Terminal conforms to the standard Internet Protocol version 4 addressing using four byte IP addresses. The three interfaces that connect with the user’s Terminal Equipment (USB, Wireless LAN, and Ethernet) are bridged in the terminal and the bridged interface is assigned a fixed address of 192.168.128.100.
The satellite network interface, available through the BGAN stack, will be assigned an IP address that is either assigned dynamically by the UMTS network or is assigned statically through the Service Provider at the request of the End-User.
This is the IP address that the User Terminal is reachable over the air interface. This may be a private address of the DP as explained in diagram above.
The Hughes UT will use the IP address as an argument for PDP context activation. Otherwise, a dynamic IP address is requested in the PDP context activation request. The confirmation of the PDP activation will include the IP address that is assigned to the User Terminal (static or dynamic).
The flow of IP packets through the Satphone User Terminal involve several components described here.
In the outbound flow of traffic from the Terminal Equipment, a packet arrives at a UT network interface (USB, Wireless LAN, or Ethernet). The network interface receives the packet and passes it up the IP stack. The IP header is analyzed to determine the destination network interface that the packet is to be forwarded to.
The packet will match the default route in the routing table that will correspond to the satellite air interface. The forwarding function in the Hughes UT will pass the packet to the NAT module registered to the satellite air network interface. The NAT will maintain a mapping of to for each TE/PDP Context association.
The NAT modifies the IP header to substitute in the public IP address.
The packet is passed onto the UMTS interface driver.
The HNS-9201 will determine which PDP context the packet shall use to conform to the traffic flow template and quality of service requirements configured by the user.
The packet will then be passed to the Radio Access Bearer (RAB) for the proper PDP context for transmission over the BGAN satellite system.
The HNS-9201 will now pass the packet through the Packet Data Convergence Protocol (PDCP), Bearer Connection (BCn) Layer and the Bearer Control Layer (BCt) layers of the BGAN air interface protocol stack.
Incoming IP packets follows the same path as the outbound flow in the reverse direction.
The DHCP service allows hosts running on Terminal Equipment with DHCP clients to be configured automatically with a unique IP address upon connection to the UT. The DHCP server assigns an IP address on a lease basis.
The DHCP server implemented in the Hughes UT conforms to Internet Standard RFC 2131.
The dynamic local addresses assigned via DHCP or statically via the End-user, will be in the IP address range from 192.168.128.101 to 192.168.128.199.